Multimedia Journalist – Edward R. Murrow

The multimedia journalist I chose is Edward R. Murrow, who started out in radio and made his way to television.

  1. This was Murrow’s anti-McCarthy broadcast from 1954. McCarthy was out to get communism sympathizers in Hollywood. A lot of news companies in favor of McCarthy even had their employees sign under oath they were not communists. In this broadcast, Murrow says persecution and investigation are very different. He, and others, just thought McCarthy should not accuse people of being communists without proof.

2. 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clKaP5YCB8k

This is a live broad cast from World War II in London. Murrow is in Trafalgar Square and explains exactly what he sees, hears, feels, and more. He is right there in the action. He brought WWII in to the homes of American citizens for the first time. He does a little bit of editorializing but he explains things as he sees them.

3.

This is a radio broadcast from 1945 is about one of the largest concentration camps in Germany, Buchenwald. He even warns listeners to turn the radio off if they have a weak stomach. He describes the main gates, the prisoners, the soldiers, and everything he sees. He even said, “I was the least important person there.” Murrow’s broadcast the concentration camp is incredibly saddening, yet very empowering. It is very descriptive and appeals to the emotions of Americans who had never seen anything beyond compare. This broadcast was amazing. Some scenes he saw, he would not even describe as they were so horrific. The editorializing is evident, but how can you not when something so horrific is taking place right in front of you.

4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FMNw7M-eUdU

This is a TV broadcast from 1950s, which introduced a new segment about different working-class Americans. He uses a lot of descriptive language and metaphors, but his reporting is great. He wants American citizens to meet regular people just like them.

5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJTVF_dya7E

Here, Murrow exposes the plight of American farmers in the 1960s.  He interviews different farmers and their families. They have been having hardships, and Murrow gets to the root of the problem. It is almost an hour-long documentary.

6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q5YdyY8IM9M

This is “Television City,” a broadcast on television about CBS Television City in Los Angeles. It began in 1948 and was dedicated in 1952. The building had enough concrete to build 28 miles of four-lane highway, as said by Murrow. Murrow was very descriptive when discussing TV City. Murrow gave an unofficial tour of this building, and then turned over a real tour to another man. He gave another tour of the official building with the production of better television in mind.

7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vv7zQWw6JOE

This is a broadcast of Murrow discussing Milton Greene’s photography in 1955. Murrow brings Greene in on a projection screen to discuss said photos. Greene was part of Marilyn Monroe’s management, so she and Greene’s wife were in the kitchen. Murrow asks questions when there is a quiet moment, tries to be personal with Greene, his wife, and Monroe. He asks lighthearted questions, and then goes further into more difficult questions.

8. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d1r201_J8xs

In 1953 Murrow discusses the newly-wed couple, John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy, who also used to be a reporter. She interviewed JFK shortly after meeting him. Kennedy relates with Murrow as his family was in England in 1939, and Murrow used to have live radio broadcasts from London. During the interview, Murrow was smoking, which I thought was pretty funny.

9. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=51_jxxNnIuc

Here, Murrow interviews Dean Martin in 1958. Murrow talks a little bit about Martin’s background, and then describes his life as an actor now. Martin is golfing when they talk. They discuss acting for television and movies, golfing, and singing.

10. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3r7LsMvddk8

In 1958 , Murrow discusses Jerry Lewis going from working in a movie theater to becoming a film director. Lewis’ family lives in Bel Air, California. These segments go into the homes of celebrities, and they give insight to the American people how their favorite actors live.

 

Analysis and Opinions

Edward R. Murrow started as a radio broadcaster during World War II who brought news to the homes of Americans. He was a pioneer of television news broadcasting as well. Murrow is known as one of the greatest journalists of all time.

His work really showed how he cared for people. Murrow wanted to give the real truth to listeners, and was not afraid to editorialize on something he despised or thought was terrible. Although the editorializing happened, he did it in a professional way. When describing Buchenwald, he was not afraid to describe exactly what he saw and give opinions on how horrific it was. When things were too gruesome to describe, he would spare the emotions of listeners.

I think he was an incredible journalist. He brought the reality of WWII into the homes of Americans. This was the first time any of them had been familiar with anything like this. Also, families at home could get an idea as to what their fathers, brothers, and other family members were enduring. He is a key figure in journalism– both radio and television news.

As radio progressed to television, Murrow went with it. He interviewed some of the most prestigious people in the U.S. at that time. His examples I chose were good because he was personable with the people he interviewed. He knew exactly what to say, he would joke around, but he would also ask more difficult questions. As for radio, he described things in London for the first time others had not. He was a very eloquent speaker.

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